- I.ALCMAEONAmphiarâi vatis, et Eriphyles fil. Huic pater, ad bellum proficisci coactus, nequitiam Eriphyles in se aperuit, eique futurae mortis suae vindictam reliquit; qui defunctô patre memor praecepti, ut in patrem pietatem servaret, impius in matrem factus est, eamque necavit. Huic fabulae a ceteris additur, quum postea ob matris caedem Alcmaeon furiis agitaretur, venisse ad fluv. Phlegeum, a quo lustratus est, et cum filiam eiusdem Alphesiboeam amâsset, donatô illi monili, quod matris Eriphyles fuerat, uxorem illam duxisse: ceterum cum aliquando ad Acheloum fluv. post ea tempora forte rediisset, placuissetque ipsi Callirhoe Acheloi filia, monile, quod superiori coniugi dederat, etiam huic, nuptiarum spe, pollicitum esse. Ad quod repetendum cum proficisceretur, a fratribus Alphesiboeae, Themone, et Azione, occisum esse: qui tamen et ipsi ab eodem mutuis vulneribus petiti, perierunt: vel, ut Ovidius videtur sentire, a filiis Callirrhoes, quos Iuppiter natos statim Deos fecerat, in ultionem patris occisi sunt. Vide Met. l. 9. Fab. 10. Pausan. l. 8. Euseb. Annô 817. ab Abrahamo A. M. 2743. Virg. Aen. l. 6. v. 445.------ ------ Maestamque Eriphylen,Crudelis nati monstrantem vulnera, cernit.Propert. l. 3. Eleg. 4.Aut Alcmaeoniae furiae, aut ieiunia Phinci.II.ALCMAEONPhilosophus Crotoniates, fil. Pitithi, discipulus Pythagorae. Primus Physicam scripsit. Vide Diog. Laert. in Alcmaeonc l. 8. Clem. Stromat. l. 1. Euseb. an. 250. Urb. Cond. Alius, Historicus, Plutarcho laudatus, in Solone.III.ALCMAEONSilli fil. Thrasymedis nepos, cum reliqua Nestoris progenie, e Messenia ab Heraclidis in Peloponnesum reversis, pulsus, Athenas venit a quo Alcmaeonidarum genus inclaruit, Pausan. l. 2. Ex his Megacles postea, Cylonii, piaculi reus, cum posteris, factus est. Unde Herodotus, οἱ μεν Α᾿λκμαιωνίδαι εἶχον αἰτίην τȏυ φόνου τούτου, Alcmaeonidae huius caedis reatum ferebant, l. 5. c. 71. Vide Clisthenes, Megacles, Nestor.IV.ALCMAEONultimus ex perpetuis Atheniensium Archontib. post Aeschylum, regnavit ann. 12. dum Sabbacon Aethiops in Aegypti regulis opprimendis esset occupatus. Illum Syncellus vocat τὸν λ´ βασιλέα Α᾿θηναίων, trigesimum Atheniensium Regem, videl. nona Medonte Archonte primo, sed a Cecrope; nainque Βατιλέων, Regum, nomen etiam Archontas perpetuos, imo et decennales, habere apud Actores; dicemus voce Medon. Ei successit Carops, fil. Aeschyli, in decennali dignitate, A. M. 3300. Euseb. Alcmaeon etiam dicitur pro Alcman, a quo alius est ille, qui in Delphorum commentariis citatur a Plut. in Solone.
Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.
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Alcmaeon — Alcmaeon, Alkmaion, Alcmeon, or Alkmaon may refer to: * Alcmaeon (mythology), one of the Epigoni * Alcmaeon (King of Athens), the last king of Athens * Alcmaeon, son of Megacles, 6th century BC commander during the Cirrhaean War * Alcmaeon of… … Wikipedia
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Alcmaeon — /alk mee euhn/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle who commanded the second expedition against Thebes. He killed his mother for sending his father to certain death and was driven mad by the Furies. * * * or Alcmeon In Greek… … Universalium
Alcmaeon — (fl.450bc) Greek philosopher and physician Alcmaeon was born in Croton (now Crotone in Italy). Details of his work come from the surviving fragments of his book and through references by later authors, including Aristotle. He was probably… … Scientists
Alcmaeon — /alk mee euhn/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle who commanded the second expedition against Thebes. He killed his mother for sending his father to certain death and was driven mad by the Furies … Useful english dictionary
Alcmaeon of Croton — Alcmaeon (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλκμαίων) of Croton (in Magna Græcia) was one of the most eminent natural philosophers and medical theorists of antiquity. His father s name was Pirithus, and he is said by some to have been a pupil of Pythagoras, and must … Wikipedia
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Alcmaeon (mythology) — In Greek mythology, Alcmaeon, or Alkmáon, was the son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle. As one of the Epigoni, he was a leader of the Argives who attacked Thebes, taking the city in retaliation for the deaths of their fathers, the Seven Against Thebes … Wikipedia
Alcmaeon of Croton — (6th c. BC) A younger contemporary of Pythagoras, and known as a physician. He is supposed to have recognized the brain as the seat of consciousness, a view accepted by Plato on the grounds that the highest faculty should be seated in the highest … Philosophy dictionary